Monday, October 6, 2008

Ke (surname)

Ke is a transliteration of a common Chinese surname, written 柯 . It originally appeared on the Hundred Family Surnames, but as of 2006 was no longer one of the top 100 most common surnames.


There are several origins of this last name:
#the descendants of Duke Ke Lu of the State of Wu during the Spring and Autumn Period;
#the descendants of a tribe in Northern Wei Dynasty whose surname was originally Keba but was simplified to Ke;
#the descendants of the Qiang tribe or the Xianbei tribe with the last name Ke.

One website lists it as originating from the town of Han in Zhejiang Province while another states it originated in Jiyang Prefecture during the Jin Dynasty .

Prominent people with the family name 柯

*Ke Mengde, a Song Dynasty poet
*Ke Jiusi , a Yuan Dynasty officer
*Ke Qian, a Ming Dynasty scholar
*Ke Weizhen, a Qing Dynasty poet
*Blackie Ko Shou Liang , modern director, actor, stuntman.
*Alan Ke You Lun a Taiwanese singer and Actor; son of Blackie Ko Shou Liang.
*Thomas J. Christensen , Co-director of the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian Affairs in the U.S. State Department .

Jin (surname)

Jin is a Chinese family name. It literally means "gold" and is No. 29 of the Hundred Family Surnames. The surname is also used in Vietnam and Korea, where it is pronounced Kim.

Jin is an ancient surname and is over 4000 years old. The surname was first mentioned during the period of the Yellow Emperor a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is considered in Chinese mythology to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. The legend behind the Jin surname is as follows.

When the Yellow Emperor's son Yi Zhi succeeded him, the day he was installed as leader, a golden phoenix flew down and perched on top of a house right opposite where he sat. His followers reckoned it was an auspicious beginning. They decided to use gold as the emblem of their tribe. Since he was their leader they titled him Jin Tian Shi and the name of their tribe was known as Jin Tian Tribe whose settlement was in Qufu . Yi Zhi died in 2515BCE. Some of his descendants adopted Jin as their surnames and left off the words Tian Shi .

The surname also appeared in an area called Pengcheng during the Han Dynasty . The present day location of Pengcheng prefecture is in Tong Shan Xian in Jiangsu province China.

Jin was among the surnames granted to the Kaifeng Jews by an unnamed emperor.

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, many members of the imperial family changed their surname from the Manchu name Aisin Gioro to Jin. Aisin also means "gold" in the Manchu language.

In addition, Jin is a cognate of the , and is a common surname among ethnic Koreans in China.

Jin can also be other uncommon family names 靳 and 晉.

Jiang (surname)

Jiang can be a pinyin transliteration of one of several Chinese surnames:

#, Jiāng
# or 蒋 , Jiǎng
#, Jiāng


Branches of surname Jiangs include ,
Qiu and Shen.

Famous people surnamed 江:

*Jiang Qing , the third wife of Mao Zedong
*Jiang Zemin, leader
*March Fong Eu Kong , first Asian American woman elected to state constitutional office in US

Famous people surnamed 蔣/蒋/?:

*Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China Chinese Nationalist Party, Director General
*Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China Chinese Nationalist Party, Chairman
*Chiang Wei-kuo, adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek and ROC politician
*Chiang Wei-shui, Taiwanese colonial resistance movement advocate
*Jiang Bingzhi, author better known as Ding Ling
*Jiang Menglin, Chinese educator
*Jiang Tingxi, painter
*Jiang Wan, Shu Han official
*Jiang Yanyong, Chinese physician

Famous people surnamed 姜/?:

*Jiang Ziya, Zhou dynasty
*Jiang Kui, composer
*Jiang Wei, general of Shu-Han.

Ji (surname)

Ji is the family name of the family in control of the Zhou Dynasty , which followed the Shang Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China.

Thirty-nine members of the family ruled over China during this period.

Ji is a rare surname in China ever since it appeared. "Ji" literally means empress. Its originality dates back thousands of years. This surname was originally one the Yellow Emperor's surname, and although he had many sons to whom he could have passed the name to, he only gave the two chosen ones to possess this Ji surname. Not only this, one of the two sons that possessed this surname became the next emperor and passed this surname to only a few. The other sons all got different names such as , , , , , , and many others.

The emperor's surname cannot be used by people except royalty who received the emperor's approval. Hundreds of years later on, another emperor had the Ji surname, and all those who had this name had to change their name to something else other than Ji, thus people with this Ji surname is scarce.

Prominent People with surname 姬

*Royal Family of Zhou Dynasty
* Ji Jin-Chun born 1877 Governor of Rehe and Suiyuan 1921-28. Fought against the Russians and the Japanese.
* Ji Hen-gli, also known as Ji Hong-Chang.
* Ji Hong-Chang, born 1895 Governor of Ningxia. Army officer 1913-1933. Nationalist Party Member.
*Ji Pengfei, born 1910 a renowned official and senior member of the Chinese Communist Party.
* Ji Shende, his son
* Ji Yu-Tien, scholar born 1924
* Ji Tai-Yuan, son
* Ji Chao-zhu born July 30, 1929 retired PRC diplomat
* Ji Xiao-tan, son


Ji family brief history:, online encyclopedia English translation:


Jen might be:

*A Chinese name, a variant transliteration of ''rén'' , the .

*A diminutive form of the name .

;Famous people with this surname
*Chih-Kung Jen, Chinese-American physicist
*Mark Jen, U.S. computer specialist

;Famous people with this given name
*Jen Sorensen, U.S. cartoonist
*Jen Trynin, U.S. singer-songwriter
*Jen Wood, U.S. musician
*Jen-Hsun Huang, U.S. businessman

;Fictional characters
*Jen Masterson, character on ''6teen''
*Jen Scotts, Pink Time Force Ranger
*Jen , protagonist in 1982 film ''The Dark Crystal''

Huo (surname)

The Chinese surname Huo is an uncommon . The Putonghua version is pronounced Huo, while the version is pronounced Fok.

During Zhou Dynasty, King Wu awarded land to his brother, Shuchu at "Huo" and the descendants of Shuchu adopted "Huo" as their surname.

In mainland China, the most well known people with surname Huo are:
*Huo Qubing a Han Dynasty Chinese general known for his military prowess at an early age
*Huo Guang a Han Dynasty famous minister
*Huo Yuanjia a martial arts hero who is the main character of the movie Fearless
*Henry Fok Ying Tung a famous with the surname Fok.

Hua (surname)

Hua is a Chinese surname, which literally means prosper.

For example, the surname are born by
* Hua Loo-keng, a Chinese mathematician
* Hua Guofeng, a Chinese politician, born as ''Su Zhu''.

Hu (surname)

Hu is a Chinese surname. It is the 15th most common surname in China, according to a study published in 2006.

The spelling Hu can be used by numerous less common Chinese family names including but not limited to 瓠,護,戶,扈,虎,呼,忽,斛 etc.


Non-Chinese peoples in China sometimes took the name of their ethnic group as surname. The best example is Hu , which was also used to refer to all "barbarian" groups on the northern frontier of China in ancient times. In addition, some adopted Chinese surnames that sound similar to their name, such as Hu for Hussain.

Notable people

*Hu Jintao, the current President of the People's Republic of China
*Hu Bin, freestyle swimmer
*Hu Shih, writer and scholar
*Ho Chi Minh, pseudonym of the first leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam as well.
*H? Xu?n H??ng, Vietnamese poet
*Hu Yaobang, PRC leader
*Hu Qiaomu, prominent politician of the People's Republic of China
*Hu Qili, prominent politician of the People's Republic of China
*Hu Bei-Lok, theoretical physicist specializing in and spacetime
*Kelly Hu, American
*Richard Hu, former Finance Minister of Singapore
* , chairman of the board of Hong Kong-listed Asian infrastructure firm Hopewell Holdings Ltd.
*Hu Zaobin , Early 20th century Chinese painter, famous for painting tigers

He (surname)

He is the transliteration of several .
Of these family names, is the most common at 21st and is the second most common at 71st in the . Other less common family names include , , and .

A common alternative spelling of this surname is Ho, the Wade-Giles romanization and the romanization of several .


Notable people

* He Depu dissident in the People's Republic of China
* Ho Feng Shan was a Chinese diplomat who saved a large number of Jews during World War II, known as “China’s ”
* He Jifeng is a computer scientist
* He Kexin, Chinese gymnast
* He Ping film director
* He Pingping , one of the world's smallest men, from Inner Mongolia
* He Qifang a poet and essayist
* is a Chinese pipa player
* He Xuntian is a modern Chinese composer, famous his compositions for Dadawa
* He Ying is an athlete/archer from the People's Republic of China.
* He Yingqin was one of the senior generals of Kuomintang in during , and ally of Chiang Kai-shek
* Chinese rock musician
* He Zhi Wen is a - male table tennis player.
* solicitor and a member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, is currently the secretary general of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China and the vice-chairman of the Democratic Party .
* Ho Ching is the executive director of Temasek Holdings and wife of Singapore prime minister Lee Hsien Loong
* founding member of , a local pro-democracy political group.member of from 2000 to 2004
* Taiwanese American AIDS researcher famous for the use of protease inhibitors in treating HIV infected patients
* Hong Kong singer,
* Hawaiian musician and entertainer
* of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
* Ho Fuk Yan teacher, Chinese language author and poet in Hong Kong
* Hong Kong-based best known for his "Ninja" films
* musician and
* singer and actress from Hong Kong
* , born in Hong Kong, is a in genetics and biophysics in the United Kingdom
* Ho Ping Taiwanese film director
* famous businessman and philanthropist in Hong Kong
* entrepreneur in Hong Kong and gambling magnate Macau.

Notable people with family name 贺/賀

* He Long
* He Weifang
* He Zizhen

Han (surname)

Han is a common transliteration of the 韩 or 韓 and the . Han is based on and so used throughout Mainland China. Spelling can vary from 'Hon' in speaking areas to 'Hang' in Hainan. The Korean version is sometimes spelled 'Hahn'.

Less common surnames as Han include: 寒 and 汉 or 漢 .

Han is currently ranked 25th in China in terms of the number of bearers at around 8 million persons.

Four Chinese Origins of '韩'

From '姬' surname

'' is an ancient Chinese surname. It is the surname of the Yellow Emperor and the ruling family. King Cheng of Zhou's little brother Ji Wan '姬万' created the State of Han '韩国' . When this kingdom was destroyed, Ji Wan was granted the name Han Wuzi '韩武子' . Wuzi's descendant Han Jue '韩厥' adopts Han as a last name. Han Jue's 7th generation descendant created the during the Warring States Period. When the state was conquered by Qin in 230 BC, members of the ruling family adopted Han '韩' as their last name.

From the place Han Yuan '韩原'

King Cheng of Zhou's younger brother, Tang Shuyu '唐叔虞' , also known as the founder of the State of Jin, had a son who was named Jin Hou '晋侯' . Jin Hou's descendant, Bi Wan '毕万' , was assigned to Han Yuan. His descendants adopted Han '韩' as their last name.

From the transcription of non-Han names

Non-Han ethnic groups tend to adopt Chinese last names through the process known as sinicization.

During the reforms of , the Xianbei last name 'Dahan', 大汗 in Chinese, was changed to Han '韩' because the two names sound similar after 'Da' or '大' is dropped.

Manchu clan names Hacihuri '哈思呼哩' , Hangiya '韩佳' , Hanja '罕扎' , Hanyan '翰颜' , and Gilate '吉喇特' were changed to Han '韩'.

From given name to surname

The mythical Yellow Emperor had a son Chang Yi , who had a son with the given name Han Liu . Those who claimed to be Han Liu's descendants adopted Han as their last name.

Prominent people with surname 韩/韓

* Han Dang '韩当' - General of the Three Kingdoms period.
* Han Dongfang '韩东方' - Human rights activist.
* Han Fei '韩非' - Influential philosopher of the Warring States Period.
* Han Gan '韩干' - Tang Dynasty .
* Han Geng '韩庚' 'kr.??' - Member of the Korean boy band Super Junior.
* Han Hong '韩红' - Famous Chinese singer and songwriter.
* Han Lao Da '韩劳达' - Singaporean playwright.
* Han Meilin '韩美林' - Famous Chinese artist known for designing the Fuwa mascots for the 2008 Olympics.
* Han Shaogong '韩少功' - Writer.
* Han Shizhong '韩世忠' - A general of the Southern Song Dynasty.
* Han Xiaopeng '韩晓鹏' - Freestyle skier.
* Han Xianchu '韩先楚' - Chinese Communist Party .
* Han Xiangzi '韩湘子' - One of the Eight Immortals.
* Han Xin '韩信' - Famous Western Han general.
* '韩王信' - A descendant of kings of Han and general under Emperor Gao of Han .
* Han Yu '韩愈' - Revolutionary poet and philosopher.
* Han Zheng '韩正' - Mayor of Shanghai.
* Hon Sui Sen '韩瑞生' - Singaporean politician.

Han (name)

This is a list of people with Han in their name:

* , Taiwanese actress.
* Han Bennink, Dutch jazz musician.
* Han De, Wei officer
* Han Dongfang, Chinese human rights activist.
* Han Fei, Chinese philosopher who developed the Chinese philosophy of Legalism.
* Han Fu, Chinese bureaucrat during the late Eastern Han Dynasty.
* Han Gan, Chinese painter of the Tang Dynasty.
* Han Hao, probably a Chinese officer who served under Cao Cao.
* Han Hoogerbrugge, Dutch digital artist.
* Han Ji-min, actress.
* Han Juzi, Chinese officer who served under Yuan Shao.
* Han Kulker, Dutch middle distance runner.
* Han Kuo-Huang, Chinese-born American ethnomusicologist.
* Han Mahmud, a Kurd lord.
* Han Shaogong, prominent and innovative Chinese writer.
* Han Sui, military leader of the Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China.
* Han Tuozhou, Chinese statesman of the Southern Song Dynasty.
* Han Xianchu, general of the Chinese Communist armed forces.
* Han Xiang, one of the Eight Immortals.
* Han Xiaopeng, Chinese freestyle skier and Olympic gold medalist.
* Han Xin .
* Han Xin, Chinese general.
* Han Xuan, governor of Changsha during the Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China.
* Han Yin.
* Han Yong-un, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet.
* Han Yu, poet.
* Han Zhangluan, official of the Northern Qi Dynasty of China.
* Han Zheng, mayor of Shanghai.
* Han Zhong, probably a high-ranking Chinese general of the Yellow Turbans.
* Hon Sui Sen politician .
* Jeen Han a.k.a. Gina Han, and Sunny Han, of the Han twins murder conspiracy.
* Jefferson Y. Han, research scientist.
* Jiawei Han, computer scientist.
* Keiko Han, Japanese voice actor.
* Mei Han, Chinese musician.
* Raymond Han , an American/Hawaiian painter
* Tian Han, Chinese playwright, best known for writing the lyrics of the "March of the Volunteers".
* Yuny Han, South Korean actress.
* Zhang Han, Chinese general of the Qin Dynasty.


* Han Solo, a character in the ''Star Wars'' universe
* Han Tzu , a member of Ender's jeesh in the ''Ender's Game'' series by Orson Scott Card
* Han Qing-jao, a major character in the novel ''Xenocide'' of the ''Ender's Game'' series by Orson Scott Card
* Han Fu , a character in the 14th century novel ''Romance of the Three Kingdoms'' by Luo Guanzhong
* Han Tao, a character in ''Water Margin''


"Guo", written in Chinese: , is one of the most common Chinese surnames and means "the wall that surrounds outside a city" in Chinese; it can also be spelled Guo, Quo, Quoc, Quach, Que, Quek, Kuo, Kok, Kwok or Kuok.

It is the 18th most common family name in China. The name Guo was noted as far back as the Xia Dynasty, see Guo Zhi

Some famous Chinese people with "郭" as the surname:

*Guo Bingwen
*Guo Jia
*Guo Jing
*Guo Jingjing
*Guo Jingming
*Guo Ziyi , general of Tang China who ended the Anshi Rebellion
*Guo Kan, a famed Chinese general that served under the Mongols.
*Guo Shoujing
*Guo Songtao The first Chinese minister to a western country
*Guo Xi
*Terry Gou, Taiwan Billionaire, 148th richest in the world
*Xiaolu Guo, author
*Aaron Kwok, a Hong Kong singer, actor.
*Kenix Kwok, a Hong Kong actor.
*, Hong Kong Billionaire
*Robert Kuok, Malaysia born , Hong Kong Billionaire
*Kwek Leng Beng, Singapore Billionaire, 3rd richest in South-east Asia
*Quek Leng Chan, Malaysia Billionaire, 4th richest in South-east Asia, cousin of Kwek Leng Beng
*Guo Xuan Tong
*Patrick S Kwok, Former Mayor of Cupertino, California


Guan may refer to either of two Chinese family names .The two names are as follows:


Prominent people named Guān include:
*Guan Yu , general of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms era
*Guan Ping , Guan Yu's son, also a general of Shu Han
*Guan Hanqing , playwright
*Nancy Kwan , Chinese-American actress
*Jade Kwan , Cantopop singer
*Michelle Kwan , Chinese-American competitive figure skater
*Stanley Kwan , Hong Kong director and producter


Prominent people named Guǎn include:
*Guan Zhong , philosopher and politician
*Guan Pinghu, , Chinese guqin musician


Gongsun is one of the few Chinese compound surnames.

Famous people with this surname include:
* Gongsun Zan, warlord and general of the Han Dynasty
* Gongsun Xu, son of Gongsun Zan
* Gongsun Fan, cousin of Gongsun Zan
* Gongsun Yue, younger half-brother of Gongsun Zan
* Gongsun Du, general of the Han Dynasty
* Gongsun Kang, son of Gongsun Du
* Gongsun Gong, son of Gongsun Du
* Gongsun Yuan, son of Gongsun Kang
* Gongsun Long, philosopher,
* , statesman of the State of Zheng
* Gongsun Sheng, character from Water Margin
* Gongsun Lü'e, character from The Return of the Condor Heroes

Gong (surname)

Gong , aka Kung in Cantonese, is the 99th most prevalent Chinese surname listed in the ancient Song Dynasty classic text, "Hundred Family Surnames". In Chinese writing, the character "龚" is composed of the two characters 龙 and 共 .

According to one ancient story about the derivation of the name, thousands of years ago, an early Gong ancestor worked for an emperor, and at that time, the surname was 共, but at last, the ancestor had to flee due to some kind of calamity, and had to change their surname from 共 to 龚.

Some prominent persons with this surname include: female badminton players Gong Ruina and Gong Zhichao, and painter Gong Xian.

Gao (surname)

Gao is a Chinese family name. There are approximately 16 million living people with this surname. In some places, such as Taiwan, usually romanize this family name into Kao.

Pronunciations in Han dialects

Origin and branches

Not all the Gao surnames people are from the same tribes or vicinity. Various Gao surnames include:
*The most ancient Gao clan
*From Jiang , a branch of Yandi
*Some Baipu people
*The royal family clan of Northern Qi
*Other branches



* Gao Wei
* Gao Huan
* Gao Jixing
* Gao Ling
* Gao Cheng
* Gao Song
* Gao Shuying
* Gao Heng
* Gao Yanzong
* Gao Qiu
* Gao Xingjian,2000 Nobel Prize in Literature
* Gao Yisheng
* Gao Yun
* Gao Shaoyi
* Gao Anagong
* Gao Min
* Gao Jiong
* Gao Shilian
* Gao Shun


* Ping-Tse Kao
* Min Kao


Feng is a Chinese surname. It is reported as the 31st most common Chinese last name in 2006. The character itself, is made up of the character for "" with an consisting of two strokes to the left that is meant to suggest speed or galloping.

Historical roots

The surname descended from the 15th son of King Wen of Zhou, Duke Gao of Bi , whose last name was . During the Spring and Autumn Period, an official of the Zheng kingdom, Feng Jian Zi was awarded the land of Feng . The Jin kingdom besieged Feng and gave it to Wei Zhang Qing. Thus descendants of Wei Zhang Qing also have the last name of Feng.

The surname originates from the southeast of Chang'an in Shaanxi Province.


English spelling variations include:
* Feng
* Fung
* Fong
* P?ng

In Vietnam, the surname Phùng was formerly written with the same character.

Notable people with the name Feng

*Feng Ba - "Emperor" of the state of Northern Yan
*Feng Feng - Long-time Hong Kong character actor
*Feng Gong - Chinese Xiangsheng performer
*Feng Guozhang - Chinese military officer and politician during Republican China
*Feng Hong - Last "emperor" of the state of Northern Yan
*Feng Kun - Chinese volleyball player
*Feng Xiaogang - Chinese film director
*Feng Yuxiang - Chinese warlord during the Republican China

Notable people with the name Fung

*Frederick Fung - Hong Kong pro-democracy politician
*Fung Chin Pang - Hong Kong comic artist
*Hernan Fung - Chinese martial artist/pressure points master
*Jim Fung - Hong Kong/Australian martial artist
*Lori Fung - Canadian gymnastics coach
*Cerezo Fung a Wing - Dutch footballer
*Stephen Fung - Hong Kong Actor/Writer/Director/Singer
*Victor Fung - Chairman of the Airport Authority Hong Kong
*Yuan-Cheng Fung - Modern scientist, regarded as the "Father of Bioengineering" and the "Founder of Biomechanics"

Notable people with the name Phùng

*Le Ly Hayslip
*Phùng H?ng
*Phung Khac Khoan
*Phung Thi Chinh

Notable people with the name Pang

* Alvin Pang , Singapore author

Xiao (surname)

Xiao is a Chinese surname. In Wade-Giles, it is rendered as ''Hsiao''. It may also be romanized as Siew or Siu. In Malaysia & Singapore , the Hokkian or Teochew Chinese romanized "Xiao" as "Seow". Teochew "Seow" are mainly Changyangxiao from Chaoyang, Kwangtung, China. The Hakka "Xiao"Chinese, especially Huichew Hakka of Titi, a village town with high concentration of Hakka people of surname of Xiao, romanized "Xiao" as "Siow". The young may also used "Xiao" if they followed romanized Chinese. So,Xiao,Hsiao,Siew, Siu,Seow, and Siow; they are the descendants of the same Xiao family from ancient China.

Xiao family originated from Xiaosien,in Anhui province,China. It was from kingdom of Xiao in the ancient China. The first Xiao was an emperor, name Xiao Ta shing during Chow Dynasty. Later on, the descendants of Xiao Heduring the Han Wu Ti period; Xiao Biao and his family moved to Langling, now Fungsien of Shandong province due to some political problem. Xiao people is also called themselves from Langling, sometime they are called Langling Xiao .

Another mass movement of Xiao people is during Western Jin Dynasty "Yongjia Rebellion", Xiao Chenmoved to Danyang.The decendent of Danyang Xiao later found two dynasty, Xiao Daocheng found the Southern Ji dynasty and become the emperor; and Xiao Yan found the Southern Liang dynastyand became the emperor.

During Tang dynasty, there were 8 Xiao people appointed as prime ministers.

During Southern Song dynasty, Xiao Guoliang is the pioneer of Zhangzhou, Fujian Province Xiao people。His grandson, Xiao Xun was the county magistrate of Chaoyang, Guangdong. He become the founder of Chaoyangxiao. There were Xiao moved across the sea to Taiwan island.

During Yuan dynasty, Xiao people move from Jiangxi to Guangdong, Meizhou& Dapu. They are mainly the Hakka Xiao.

In early Ming dynasty, there were declining population in the north China & centraldue to the wars. The Ming government in order to increase the population ,and to start the economic recovery in these war torn area, organized many large scale forced mass migration to the area. From the area less affected by the war in Shanxi Province, moved to the war torn less populated area of the North and Central China. The people are ordered to move to a location near "the tree",and ready for the family migration. The Shanxi-xiao are also included in the large concentration of "immigrants under the tree", which were moved to Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shanxi and other places. Today, Xiao people still dedicated to their ancestor of the "immigrants under the tree", the memorial tablets at the fourth cabinet of the memorial hall at the "large tree roots memorial garden" .

During Ming dynasty, many of the Xiao family from the armies also moved into the Yunnan, they become the pioneer of Yunanxiao

During Ming and Qing dynasty, there were also mass migration of Xiao people from Jiangxito Sichuan. This was especially end of both Yuan & Ming dynasty,where there were two major revolution wars. The historian called the process of mass migration as "Jiangxi filled Huguang, Huguang filled Sichuan". Huguang is the province of Hunan & Kwangtung. According to historical materials, from the beginning of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong years, Xiao had huge wave of millions people moved to Sichuan.

End of the Qing Dynasty, Chinese begin the labour migration to other countries, and Xiao people also later traveled/moved to all over the world e.g. Vietnam,Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia & Indonesia. There were also migration from Fujian province to Taiwan.

During the civil war in Modern China, there were Xiao people move to Taiwan with Kok Ming Tang armies.In Taiwan, Xiao distribution are in the cities and counties of Changhua, Chiayi, Taipei, Kaohsiungand Taoyuan.Today, Xiao is the 30th-most common surname in Taiwan's total population.

Xiao surname is the top 20 surname in China.The World Congress of Xiao people will be held in Chaoyang,Kwangtung, China in 2009.

All Xiao people should know the history of Xiao,it is part of a classic history of ancient China. There were famous emperor, prime ministers, scholars, generals etc.

Simplified Chinese problem

The traditional surname 蕭 is currently represented by three different characters derived from traditional Chinese , simplified Chinese , and the rescinded second-round simplified Chinese . Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan maintain traditional Chinese characters and therefore write 蕭. In mainland China, which uses simplified Chinese, most linguistics agree the surname should be written as 萧. However, many people in mainland China still have 肖 as their surname in their legal documents for historical reasons . In mainland China, people may regard them as two separate surnames. However, in circumstances where traditional Chinese is used, e.g. in cross-strait relations, this may lead to confusion.

People have been writing the surname 肖 for simplicity for long, but the form was considered informal and should not be used in formal texts. However, the established 肖 as the standard form. When the second-round simplification was rescinded in 1984, some people restored their surname in legal documents to the traditional writing form, but some others did not.

Other surnames do not have similar problems. For example, was simplified to a character with 广 and 了 combined in the second-round simplification. All people have restored to use 廖 after its rescindment because the latter is no longer considered a valid character and cannot be typed into the computer. However, 肖, which has other meanings, is still valid so some people has continued to use this form even in legal documents.

Famous people

Famous people named Xiao include:

* Xiao He, one of the most highly regarded statesmen in Chinese history, and the first Prime Minister of the Han Dynasty.
* Elva Hsiao, Taiwanese singer
* Hsiao Bi-khim, Taiwanese legislator
* Xiao Hong , Chinese writer
* William Hsiao, American economist
* Vincent Siew , Vice President of the Republic of China
*Francis Seow , a Singapore-born political dissident who is in exile from Singapore after lawsuits by the former Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yew. Seow is currently a United States citizen, and a University Fellow based in the Department of Asian Studies at Harvard University.

Wu (surname)

Wu is the Pinyin transliteration of the Chinese surname , , which is the in Mainland China. Several other, less common Chinese surnames are also translated into English as "Wu": , , , , and .

Wu is also the transliteration of the different Chinese surname 胡 , used in Hong Kong, and by overseas Chinese of Cantonese speaking areas of Guangdong, or Hong Kong origin. In , it is H?.

The name is also one of the most common surnames in Korea. It is spelled ? in Hangul and romanized O by the three major romanization systems, but more commonly spelled Oh in South Korea. Also in Vietnam, Ng?.

Famous people named Wu

*吳作棟 - Goh Chok Tong, fomer Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore, current Senior Minister of Singapore and the chairman of the central bank of Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore
*Melissa Wu,an Australian diver
*吳宇森 - , film director
*吳光正 - , Hong Kong entrepreneur, billionaire and politician
*吳邦國 - Wu Bangguo, Chairman of the of the National People's Congress of the PRC
*吳尊 - Wu Chun, Brunei-born actor, singer from Taiwanese band, Fahrenheit
*吳彥祖 - , Chinese actor
*吳振偉 - , from the 1st district of Oregon
*吳 - , science-fiction artist
*吳嘉文 - Wu Jia Wen, Notable Table Tennis Captain from Australia
*吳健雄 - Wu Chien-Shiung, Chinese scientist
*吳鑑泉 - Wu Jianquan , Taijiquan teacher
*吳景滔 - Wu, Jingtao, Ian, Chinese child actor from Hong Kong, Won Best Supporting Actor at the Taipei Golden Horse Awards in 2006
*伍连德 - Wu Lien-teh, Chinese physician and plague fighter
*吴立红 - Wu Lihong, environmental activist
*吳百福 - Momofuku Ando , Taiwanese-born Japanese inventor of instant noodles
*吳蠻 - Wu Man, ''pipa'' and ''ruan'' player
*吳三桂 - Wu Sangui Chinese general who supported the Manchus in their invasion of China after the fall of the Ming Dynasty in 1644. Later became a threat to the Manchu Qing dynasty during the Revolt of the Three Feudatories
*武松 - Wu Song, famous hero from the Chinese classic, Outlaws of the Marsh.
*吳天明 - Wu Tianming Chinese film director
*伍家球 - , science-fiction author
*吳儀 - Wu Yi, of the People's Republic of China
*伍子胥 - Wu Zixu, great general in the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history
*武則天 - Wu Zetian, Empress Wu Zhou of China
*呉子良 - Wu Ziliang, the birthname of a famous Chinese Japanese model named Emi Suzuki

Wong (surname)

Wong is the romanization of two common s; Huang and Wang .

The logograph for Wong / Huang consists of the radical characters for "twenty", "fires" and "fields," all representing the colour of these images combined.

As a result of late 17th to 18th century colonial activities, where speaking colonists transcribed the family name as "Wong" in south China, we find this version of the family name following the migratory routes of the early migrant Chinese from this southern region to places such as Canada and the United States. As a result, one can often determine a multi-generational non-native Chinese persons whose surname is Wong back to this historic artefact - usually as "Cantonese" Wong, inferring to the fact that the person's ancestral is from south China.

To the Chinese mind, this colour relates to mother Earth. In fact, the Chinese character for Wong is based on parts that relate to this colour - in reviewing the derivative characters that form Wong , we see "Bright" + the character "farm fields" inset between the characters "twenty" and "fire" .

The use of Wong as a surname started in 648 BC when the Huang Kingdom located in Henan Province of China was sacked. The citizens chose to adopt the name of the Kingdom as their surname in remembrance of their origin. From Henan, they dispersed all over China and eventually to all corners of the globe. It is said to be among the top seven most common surname in China and one of the most common surnames in the world.

The process of Anglicizing Chinese names follows geopolitical history. Anglicized names in Hong Kong and Singapore come from the vernaculars of Cantonese, , Teochew, Fuzhou , Hakka, Hainan, etc. In Taiwan, Anglicized names follow the Yale system instead of the Wade-Giles system. In China proper, known as the People's Republic of China , romanization into alphabets follows an originally invented system called "Hanyu Pinyin," which translates all Chinese characters from the Mandarin vernacular for standardisation.